Monday, January 14, 2013

Salpani Ful(সালপানি ফুল) - Desmodium gangeticum

Bengali Name : সালপানি ফুল, দীর্ঘ মূলী ফুল
Common Name : Ticktree, Sal Leaved Desmodium.
Botanical Name : Desmodium gangeticum
Synonym : D. maculatum, Hedysarum gangeticum
Family : Fabaceae(Pea family)

This is a lovely weed flower from the family Fabaceae. It's botanical name is Desmodium gangeticum. This is widely seen around the bushes of our country Bangladesh(বাংলাদেশ). Locally we call this Salpani Ful(সালপানি ফুল). English people know this as Ticktree flower.

This is a small plant and woody near the bottom, but still its a perennial herb plant. Leafs are ovate or oblong having an acute tip. Leafs are not glossy. This tree brings lot of long vine-like racemes which sometimes can trick you to trust the plant as a vine.

A small plant with lot of racemes.

Flowers are very similar to the other flowers from the Pea family, blooms around the long racemes. But these are slight smaller and not that much showy. You need to observe carefully to detect the presence of this flower(especially when its around the bushes). Based on the region, the flower can be in different colors(white, red, purple, mauve, etc).

A different kind of seedpod from the flower.

Fruits of this plant are are very interesting in term of shapes. A small flat seedpod having 8-10 semi round seeds which are connected like teeth at gum. In My childhood, I have seen this seeds a lot near our house. I might have forgotten the flowers, but still can remember the unusual looking seeds.

Though its a weed and unwanted plant, but like other plants in nature, it has few medicinal uses. It's main use is against the colonic treatments and coughs(Whooping Coughs). People from Malaysia use the leafs of this plant to sooth headache and the roots to cure toothache.

A small plant with lot of racemes.

Photos of this article were taken from Pabana(পাবনা) during September 2012. It was just beneath the mammoth iron made rail bridge named Hardinge Bridge over great river Padma(পদ্মা নদী).

ফুলের জন্য ভালোবাসা, আমি বুনো ফুল...


Sunday, January 13, 2013

Kurchi ful (কুর্চি ফুল) - Holarrhena pubescens

Bengali Name : Kurchi (কুর্চি ফুল), Kutaj (কুটজ ফুল)
Common Name : Kurchi, Jasmine tree, White angel, Fever-pod.
Botanical Name : Holarrhena pubescens
Synonym : Holarrhena antidysenterica
Family : Apocynaceae (oleander family)
Photo Taken : Bangladesh

This medicinal plant is very renowned in Ayurveda. It is native to South Asian and Malaya along with its proximity area. It is known as Kurchi (কুর্চি ফুল), Kutaj (কুটজ ফুল), etc in our country Bangladesh (বাংলাদেশ). It doesn't have very renowned common name except Jasmine tree, Fever-pod, etc. People from Philippine call this as White angel. Botanical name of the plant is Holarrhena pubescens. It belongs to the plant family Apocynaceae.

Kurchi (কুর্চি ফুল) is a shrub or small sized brunched tropical Asian plant. Its wood is hard and the bark is grey to whitish in color. Oppositely arranged leafs are slight larger and having ovate or elliptical shape. Leaf has a very short petiole connect to the branch. Leafs are glossy.

Kurchi (কুর্চি ফুল) flowers bloom as a cluster. Color is white, but turns into slight brown before withering. Flower has a sweet fragrance, five petals, twisted, and the tip of the petal is rounded. Twist of the petals reminds the flower Frangipani. Flowers are showy due to profuse blooming.

Synonym of the plant is Chonemorpha antidysenterica. From the species name you can guess that it might work against dysentery. Basically the root and the barks are used to sooth the fever, diarrhoea, and dysentery.

Initially I wrote this article using the photos of 2012 taken from Khagrachhori (খাগড়াছড়ি). But later I have replaced those with the current photos which were taken from Ramna park, Dhaka (রমনা পার্ক, ঢাকা). It was during month of April 2015.

ফুলের জন্য ভালোবাসা, আমি বুনো ফুল...

This article has written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog

Saturday, January 12, 2013

Bon Tulshi(বন তুলসী) - Croton bonplandianum

Bengali Name : Bon Tulshi, বন তুলসী
Common Name : Bon Tulshi
Botanical Name : Croton bonplandianum
Family : Euphorbiaceae(Castor family)

This is a weed flower from the flowering genus Croton. This is vastly available at our country Bangladesh(বাংলাদেশ). We call this Bon Tulshi(বন তুলসী) as it's leaf has the similarity with the leaf of Basil. Bon Tulshi(বন তুলসী) means wild Basil. Botanical name is Croton bonplandianum. It belongs to the plant family Euphorbiaceae.

This is an annual herb plant grows mainly as a bush, profoundly grows around the canal, river bank, waste lands etc areas. Basil like leafs are alternately arranged around the stems. Normally the Crotons(genus of the plant) are famous for it's lovely foliage. But in this case it's leaf are different in outlook. And also, its a weed and found as wild. At some regions this weed has already identified as noxious. Touching eyes after touching it's leafs and flowers can cause inflammation.

Flowers use to come around the raceme that is emerged from the end of the branch. Small white flowers are arranged around that raceme through a short stalk. Only the stamens are noticeable from the flower but it has five petals and five sepals too. Fruits are capsule like and has lot of wart over the skin.

People use to find detergent from the ashes of this plant to clean the cotton cloths. Basically they burn the plant to collect the ashes and preserve that on a bottle for an week. After that they mix those ashes with warm water to clean clothes.

Photos of this article were taken from Rajshahi(রাজশাহী) during the Month of July, 2012. It was amid of the dread river Padma(পদ্মা নদী).

ফুলের জন্য ভালোবাসা, আমি বুনো ফুল...

Friday, January 11, 2013

Garden Croton(পাতা বাহার) - Codiaeum variegatum

Bengali Name : পাতা বাহার, Pata Bahar.
Common Name : Croton, Garden Croton, etc
Botanical Name : Codiaeum variegatum
Family : Euphorbiaceae

আমাদের দেশে পাতা বাহারের ফুল খুব একটা দেখা যায় না... শুধু মাত্র বর্ণিল পাতার সৌন্দর্যের জন্যই একে বাগানে ঠাই দেয়া হয়... ছোট বেলায় বোতলে পানি ভরে তার মধ্যে পাতা বাহারের ডাল ভেঙ্গে রেখে দিতাম আমি ... এক সময় সেই ডালের ভাঙ্গা অংশ থেকে শিকড় গজাতো... যদিও আস্তে আস্তে পাতা ঝরে মরে যেত, কিন্তু অনেক দিন থাকতো ... তাপমাত্রা কমে গেলে, অথবা পর্যাপ্ত সূর্যের আলো না পেলে এই গাছের পাতা ঝরে যায়...

This is a different ornamental plant that is only cherished for it's lovely foliage. In Bangladesh we call this as Pata Bahar(পাতা বাহার), which means 'beautiful leafs'. English people call this as Garden Croton. Botanical name of the plant is Codiaeum variegatum and it is a member of the family Euphorbiaceae.

This is a small sized evergreen shrub with colorful broad leathery leafs. It can be in various colors(green, yellow, red, pink, orange, etc) and shapes. Basically those colors are the reason of forceful selection and bred(cultivars). Now a days there hundreds of such cultivars are available. This evergreen plant can not sustain cold weather and starts loosing the leafs. This plant can be easily propagated by the stem of the plant.

I have never seen flowers from this plant yet. But this plant also bring flowers(male and female are different) like other plants.

The white sap from the plant can cause skin eczema. Also it can be poisonous when ingested. But still, this plant has few medicinal uses.

Photos of this article were taken from Puthia(পুঠিয়া) of Rajshahi(রাজশাহী) during June 2012.

Thursday, January 10, 2013

White Powder Puff - Calliandra haematocephala Alba

Common Name : White Powder Puff
Botanical Name : Calliandra haematocephala 'Alba'
Family : Mimosaceae(Touch-me-not family)

এইটা একটা বিদেশি ফুল... রেইনট্রী গোত্রের মধ্যে পরে... কড়ই ফুলের মতন দেখতে এই ফুলের বাংলায় কোন নাম নাই... ঢাকাতে রাস্তায় বা বাড়ীর সামনে মাঝে মাঝেই একই রকম দেখতে লাল রঙের ফুলটা দেখা যায়... কিন্তু সাদা রঙের আর কোথাও দেখি নাই...

Botanical name is Calliandra haematocephala 'Alba'. It pertains to the plant family Mimosaceae. This is a foreign flower but I found it a yard of a house. It doesn't have any Bengali(বাংলা) name. Common name is White Powder Puff flower. It is native to Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, etc countries. But we have lot of other plants from the same genus which are commonly known as rain-tree in Bangladesh(বাংলাদেশ).

This flower is delicately beautiful alike others from the same flowering genus Calliandra. Calliandra actually means beautiful stamens. And its true, the flower has a lot of puff like silky stamens, in fact no petals. All those puffs form a shape of a ball and gives the flower an exotic look. This flower is favorite to the hummingbirds, also sometimes to the butterflies. Color of this flower is white, but at another variant, it can be red/rosy.

This is an small sized plant and can grow up to 4 meter in height. Its an evergreen tree and grows very fast. Leaflets are having an array of small leafs at the both sides. Also the leafs are used to close during night. This tree brings flower during winter and spring season.

Photos of this article were taken from Nawabganj(নবাবগঞ্জ) of Dhaka during January 2012. I was traveling there to visit the old edifices from Kolakopa(কলাকোপা).

Monday, January 7, 2013

Creeping Water Primrose(বন লবঙ্গ) - Ludwigia parviflora

Bengali Name : বন লবঙ্গ
Common Name : Creeping Water Primrose, Willow Primrose, etc.
Botanical Name : Ludwigia parviflora
Synonym : Ludwigia perennis
Family : Onagraceae(Evening primrose family)

This is a small weed flower but it has several pompous names like Willow Primrose, False Primrose, Creeping Water Primrose, etc. In Bangladesh we call this as Bon Lobongo(বন লবঙ্গ). Botanical name of this weed is Ludwigia parviflora and it belongs to the plant family Onagraceae.

This is an annual erect herb weed plant mostly found at the damp area or rice fields in Bangladesh. But at Dhaka(ঢাকা), you'll find this around the stuck water or beside the drains. Plants are small, leafs are slender and arranged alternately around the stem. Color of the stem is radish.

Flowers are very small and can have four or five separate petals. Color of the flower is bright yellow. Shape of the petals are spoon-like, kind of ovate also. Flowers are not showy and I don't know whether it has any fragrance or not.

Photos of this article were taken from Bandarban(বান্দরবান) during August 2012. I had a lot of drops on the camera lens and most of the photos of this flower came hazy afterwards.

ফুলের জন্য ভালোবাসা, আমি বুনো ফুল...

Sunday, January 6, 2013

Maidenhair Creeper(ভূতরাজ) - Lygodium flexuosum

Bengali Name : Bhutraj, ভূত রাজ
Common Name : Maidenhair Creeper
Botanical Name : Lygodium flexuosum
Synonym : Ophioglossum flexuosum
Family : Lygodiaceae

ভুতের সাথে কোনো সম্পর্ক নাই, তাও এর নাম ভূতরাজ...!! ভারতের ঝারখন্ডে আবার একে বলা হয় ভূত ভৈরবী... মানুষের আনাগোনা কম হয় এমন জায়গায় এরা বেশি জন্মায় বলেই হয়তো এইরূপ ভৌতিক নাম এদের... অপুষ্পক ফার্ন গোত্রের এই উদ্ভিদকে নিয়ে আজকের লেখা...

Its a perennial fern plant, which means it doesn't have any flower. It's common name is Maidenhair Creeper. But in Bangladesh and West Bengal of India, this is know as Bhutraj(ভূতরাজ). In our country, this is mostly seen creeping around the wall of abandoned houses, or creeping on a tree, etc. Botanical name of this fern is Lygodium flexuosum. It belongs the the plant family Lygodiaceae.

As the plant is flowerless, it mainly propagates using the rhizomes(are short) and spores(occur around the leaflets). This fern is widely distributed from southern Asia to East Asian region, and in Australia. This is obviously a weed, but it has marked as an invasive weed at some territories.

Photos of this article were taken from Christian Cemetery of Wari, Dhaka(ওয়ারী, ঢাকা). It was the month of April, 2010.

Saturday, January 5, 2013

Dwarf Ophiorrhiza(জারি ফুল) - Ophiorrhiza harrisiana

Bengali Name : Jari Ful(জারি ফুল), Kalashona(কালা সোনা)
Common Name : Dwarf Ophiorrhiza
Botanical Name : Ophiorrhiza harrisiana
Synonym : O. rugosa, O. prostrata, Virecta prostrata
Family : Rubiaceae(Coffee family)

In Bangladesh, this wild flower is only seen at the hilly areas and specially under the shades of large trees or something like that. Botanical name is Ophiorrhiza harrisiana and it belongs to the plant family Rubiaceae. Since this flower is mainly seen at our hilly areas, it has only few tribal names like Jari Ful(জারি ফুল), Kalashona(কালা সোনা), etc.

This is an evergreen small perennial herb plant but to me it looks like a baby plant. I think the leafs are the reason for it's such appearance. Corrugated paired leafs are having variable shapes and lengths even in a single plant, for example, larger elliptical to small ovate shape.

Plant grows under a shade of a larger tree.

Flower are very small, milky white in color, having a shape of a bell and blooms as a cluster. It has five small petals over the small tube/funnel that emerges after the bracts.

Most of the plants from the genus Ophiorrhiza are highly used in medicines. They mainly contain camptothecin alkaloids which is being used to make the agents for Chemotherapy. Aboriginal Chakma(চাকমা) people from Bangladesh were using the extract of roots to cure the dysentery. Another tribe named Marma(মারমা) were using the Leaf's Tea to sooth the body and chest pain since ancient time.

Photos of this article were taken from Khagrachhori(খাগড়াছড়ি) during the rainy season(July) of 2012. It was beside a wide stream and under a large tree.

ফুলের জন্য ভালোবাসা, আমি বুনো ফুল...