Friday, May 30, 2014

White Leadwort(চিত্রা ফুল) - Plumbago zeylanica

Bengali Name : Chita(চিতা ফুল), Chitra(চিত্রা ফুল), Chitrak(চিত্রক ফুল), etc
Common Name : Doctorbush, Plumbago, White leadwort, etc.
Botanical Name : Plumbago zeylanica
Family : Plumbaginaceae

Chitra(চিত্রা ফুল) is a beautiful name of this medicinal plant which brings white beautiful flowers. For it's medicinal uses, this plant is also known as Doctorbush. Botanical name of the flower is Plumbago zeylanica from the plant family Plumbaginaceae. Common names of the flower across the world are Doctorbush, Plumbago, White leadwort, etc.

Chitra(চিত্রা) mainly a perennial shrub plant that can grow up to a meter in height. Leafs of this evergreen plant are dark green in color and having ovate shape(sometimes elliptic). Though this is native to the Indian subcontinent, but now a days this is rarely seen in Bangladesh. At few hilly areas in our Bangladesh, this plant may still be observed!

Flower of this Leadwort plant is white in color. These flowers are small and having five petals. Each flower is having a narrow tubular thing(which is covered with sticky glands) under it. Flowers use to bloom in a cluster. For best growth and bloom, it requires full sun.

This plant has been using as a source of numerous medicines by the Tribal of our country Bangladesh. They found the cure of toothache, skin disease, bronchitis, ringworm, etc. More detail about the medicinal uses can be found from here.

Photos of this article were taken from the Mymensingh Botanical Garden(ময়মনসিংহ বোটানিক্যাল গার্ডেন). It was the month March of 2013 when I have traveled there.

This article is written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog

ফুলের জন্য ভালোবাসা, আমি বুনো ফুল...

Thursday, May 29, 2014

Purple Ice Plant - Lampranthus productus

Common Name : Purple Ice Plant.
Botanical Name : Lampranthus productus
Family : Aizoaceae(Ice plant family)

This is another ornamental flowering plant that is native to South Africa. It doesn't have any local name here in Bangladesh. This is mostly known as Purple Ice Plant in English. Botanical name is Lampranthus productus(the species name productus implies that the plant brings numerous flower in it). This plant belongs to the plant family Aizoaceae.

This is a juicy leafed perennial herb plant having green and brown stems. It's stems are soft and that's why it uses to spread around instead of growing upwards. This plant can sustain rough condition including the drought. Also this plant can grow from the stem as well. The performance of the plant is best when it gets the full sun.

Flowers of the plant are purple or pink in color, and having a yellow disk at the middle. Purple petals are slim and thin and the counts are even more than hundreds. From my observation, the flowers use to bloom at the morning and during the afternoon they use to close again. Even the flowers use to close-in if the dark sky at the early in the day(for rainy weather). Flowers use to dried up at the next day.

A dried up flower

Photos of article were taken from Kathmandu, Nepal. It was the month of April 2014.

This article is written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog

Sunday, May 25, 2014

Brazilian Pusley - Richardia brasiliensis

Common Name : Brazilian calla-lily, Tropical mexican clover, etc.
Botanical Name : Richardia brasiliensis
Family : Rubiaceae(coffee family)

Interestingly enough, this weed plant is mainly native to both North and South American region. But it is widely available at the tropical and sub-tropical region as well. I don't know any suitable Bengali name for this weed plant. But this is known as Brazil Pusley, Tropical mexican clover, etc in English. Botanical name of the plant is Richardia brasiliensis and it belongs to the plant family Rubiaceae. Though I have doubt about the species name, may be it can be grandiflora or scabra.

Richardia scabra is an annual herb plant that can grow around a foot in height. The stalk-less leafs are oppositely arranged around the stem and both the stem and the leafs are hairy. This is mainly a weed plant(reported as invasive in few region) and often found at the roadsides in our country Bangladesh.

The flowers of Brazil Pusley are milky white in color, having six petals and blooms as a cluster as well. Flowers use to bloom more or less every months of the season. Despite of being small in size, the flowers are still showy.

Photos of this article were taken from a road side of Narayanganj(নারায়ানগঞ্জ) during the month of June 2013. In the photos you might have noticed the dusts around the leafs and the flowers, those are because of the dusts from the road.

This article is written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog

ফুলের জন্য ভালোবাসা, আমি বুনো ফুল...

Saturday, May 24, 2014

Naogaon: Paharpur Buddha Bihar(পাহাড়পুর বৌদ্ধ বিহার)

Saturday, 18 May 2013

Paharput Buddha Bihar(পাহাড়পুর বৌদ্ধ বিহার) is one of our prides from Bangladesh. According to some scholars, this can be the largest Buddhist Bihara from the world. This is located at the Paharpur union(পাহাড়পুর ইউনিয়ন) of Bodolgachhi Upazila(বদলগাছী উপজেলা) of Naogaon district(নওগাঁ জেলা) from Bangladesh(বাংলাদেশ). This place is also known as Sompur Buddha Bihar(সোমপুর বৌদ্ধ বিহার). People called this as Pahar(পাহাড়) as it looks like a hill(in bengali it means Pahar), from there the place is known as Paharpur(পাহাড়পুর).

This massive Buddhist Bihara was probably built during the 8th or 9th century by the second king Sree Dhormopaldeb(শ্রী ধর্মপালদেব) of Paal dynasty. It was active around 300 years for learning and religious researches. Our great Atish Dipankar(অতীশ দীপঙ্কর) was the chancellor of this Bihar during the 10th century. People from around the glob used to come here for sharing and learning knowledge.

The central temple of the Bihar was the biggest one and now in dilapidated condition. It has several stores around the temple. From my observation to the other temples around the globe, I believe the people used to walk clockwise around the temple on those as their prayer(I can be wrong). And I also believe, the top of the central temple might have a shrine or similar object there. May be that is ruined while it was having a vie with the time.

Closer look at the final stair of Paharpur Bihar.

How to Go:

There are several ways to visit this place. We have visited this Paharpur Buddha Bihar(পাহাড়পুর বৌদ্ধ বিহার) after visiting the Hinda-Koshba Shahi Mosjid(হিন্দা-কসবা শাহী মসজিদ). And to minimize the cost, we have used the public transportation(changed several times). So it was cheap, but time consuming.

This place is accessible both from Naogaon(নওগাঁ জেলা), and Joypurhat district(জয়পুরহাট জেলা). So whatever is easier for you(according to your tour plan) you can take. After visiting the Paharpur Bihar(পাহাড়পুর বিহার), we have reached at the Naogaon district(নওগাঁ জেলা) using a Public bus service. It has dropped us at the Baludanga(বালুডাঙ্গা) bus stand of the town with a cost of 40 Taka per person. It was nearly around a two hours of bus journey. So, if you wish, you can reverse the path to reach this place if want.

For your information, the GPS coordinate of the Paharpur Buddha Bihar(পাহাড়পুর বৌদ্ধ বিহার) is (25° 1'52.50"N, 88°58'36.40"E)

A structure at the middle of the Buddha bihar premise.

Where to Stay:

It has a guest house at the Bihar premise, so if you are lucky, you can make your reservation over there. We almost made it. But unfortunately couldn't for few officers(are really they?) over there. It would be awesome for us cause it was the moon light night that time. So after crestfallen we had to return back to the Joypurhut town to find for a hotel.

We have stayed at the Hotel Prithibi and took a cheaper room after a bargain. And at the next day, we returned back to the Paharpur bihar again to explore. We couldn't do it yesterday as it was already dark that time. And unfortunately enough, we couldn't manage the room too. But best of luck for you. I believe you can.

These are believed to be the room for the Buddhist scholars.

Lovely terracotta at the base of the main architecture. These are recently renovated!

Looks like a garden to me, but I believe it has a significant relation with the main Bihar.

A plinth like object. Not sure the exact purpose of these.

More terracotta on the bottom of the walls.

This terracotta is placed at the corner of the base.

This looks like a Water Well to me.

An array of rooms for the Buddhist Bhikkhu.

View of the Paharpur Bihar from the far.

A walking corridor at the third floor of the Bihar.

Artistic terracotta at the walls.

A lovely view of the Paharpur Bihar which is also known as Sompur Bihar.

Looks like Pigeon holes, but certainly not!

A green grass covered area.

I wish I could capture all the pictures of the terracotta.

A typical Buddha Bihar where people used to stroll clockwise as a part of their ritual?

Looks like sleeping cows to me.

Paharpur Buddha Bihar(পাহাড়পুর বৌদ্ধ বিহার)/Sompur Bihar(সোমপুর বিহার),
Union: Paharpur(পাহাড়পুর ইউনিয়ন),
Upazila: Bodolgachhi(বদলগাছী উপজেলা),
District: Naogaon(নওগাঁ জেলা),
Country: Bangladesh(বাংলাদেশ)
GPS: (25° 1'52.50"N, 88°58'36.40"E)

This article is written by Lonely Traveler,
for the blog